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Welsh Book of Remembrance /Llyfr Cofio Cenedlaetho
Memorial: The Temple of Peace, Cardiff, Glamorgan
Notes: The Welsh Book of Remembrance was created as a Roll of Honour to accompany the unveiling of the Welsh National War Memorial in Cathays Park, Cardiff, in 1928. It is an attempt to list all those ‘Men and Women of Welsh Blood or Parentage … Who Gave Their Lives in the War 1914 – 1918’. Before the opening of the Temple of Peace in 1938 the book was on display in the National Museum. A number of women are included: the stewardesses Hannah Owen and Louisa Parry who died when RMS Leinster was torpedoed in 1918; members of QMAAC Gertrude Dyer, Jean Roberts, Mary Elizabeth Smith and Lizzie Dora Stephens; and VADs Gladys Maud Jones, Gwynedd Llewellyn, Amy Curtis, Eva Davies, Margaret M Evans, Lilian Jones, Edith Tonkin, Jenny Williams and Frances Sprake Jones QAIMNS.rnIt is not clear why these particular women were chosen for inclusion. This site has the name of many women who could have been included. Additionally Gladys Maud Jones and Gwynedd Llewellyn, despite their names, had no recent connection with Wales.
The Welsh Book of Remembrance
The Welsh Book of Remembrance, containing names of 35,000 service men and women who died during the Great War.
Nora Tempest (Soutter)
Place of birth: Dundalk, Ireland
Service: Teacher, cook, VAD, 1915 - 1916
Notes: Nora Tempest, born 1886, was a popular domestic science mistress at Carmarthen County Girls School. She joined the Scottish Women’s Hospitals to serve as a cook at Kragujevac Hospital. She was caught up in the great retreat after the Austrians invaded Serbia, walking for seven weeks through the mountains of Montenegro and Albania in winter. She arrived home on Christmas Eve, 1915. She is said to have taken many photographs of the retreat. After her return she married and settled back in Ireland.
Short account of Nora’s experiences on the retreat from Serbia. Carmarthen Weekly Reporter 21st January 1916
Report of Nora’s visit back to Carmarthen County Girls School. Carmarthen Journal 9th June 1916
Editha Elma (Bailey), Lady Glanusk (Sergison)
Place of birth: Haywards Heath, Sussex
Service: ‘Active war worker’, Red Cross
Notes: Lady Glanusk was born in 1871 and married the 2nd Baron Glanusk in 1890. From the outbreak of war she became very involved in wartime activities, and was an indefatigable writer to the newspapers, calling for young women to encourage their men to join up, and demanding the internment of enemy aliens. She was the President of the Red Cross in Breconshire, (for which she was awarded a CBE in 1920), and was heavily involved in the Penoyre Red Cross Hospital in Brecon. Two of her three sons were killed in the war, one a 17-year-old midshipman.
Letter to ‘The Women of Breconshire’ published in the Brecon County Times 5th November 1914.
Letter ‘The Alien Enemy Danger’ published in the Brecon County Times 25th March 1915
Red Cross record card (reverse)
Red Cross record card detailing the service of Lady Glanusk (reverse)
Citation for award of CBE to Lady Glanusk, London Gazette (Supplement) 30th March 1920
Place of birth: Cardiff
Notes: Photograph of a teenage girl dressed in the uniform of a regular soldier in the Royal Artillery (too large for her) complete with swagger stick, seated in a chair. Her hair is tied back with a large bow, indicating that she is probably no older than 16 or 17.; Reverse of photograph indicating it was taken at Gale’s Studios Ltd, Queen’s Street, Cardiff. Inscribed in ink ‘From Gladys / To Ada’.
Photograph of Gladys, Cardiff
Photograph of Gladys, a teenage girl, dressed in the uniform of the Royal Artillery, c.1914
Reverse of photograph of Gladys
Reverse of photograph, taken at Gale’s Studios Ltd, Queen’s Street, Cardiff, inscribed 'To Ada From Gladys'.
Evelyn Margaret Abbott
Place of birth: Grosmont, Monmouthshire
Service: Nurse, Scottish Womens Hospitals, January - June 1916
Death: 1958, London , Cause not known
Notes: Evelyn, born 1883, was the daughter of the Grosmont school master. A professional nurse trained in London, she spent six months working at the Scottish Women’s Hospitals hospital at Royaumont Abbey north of Paris. Follow the link to see the hospital on film
Place of birth: Bridgend ?
Service: Clerk, Bridgend Food Control Committee, 1919
Notes: In October 1919 Flossie Abbott requested a pay rise from £1 12s 6d a week to £2 10s, to gain parity with the clerk of Penybont Food Control Committee. A man doing the same job would have received £3 a week. Only one member of the committee opposed the motion.rn
Report of the meeting of the Bridgend Food Committee, where Flossie Abbott’s pay-rise was agreed. Glamorgan Gazette 17th October 1919.
Helena Susanna Adam
Place of birth: Belgium
Death: December 1916, School House, Pantycaws, Carbon monoxide poisoning / Gwenwyno gan garbon monocsid
Notes: Helena Adam was a 51 year-old Belgian refugee living with her family near Carmarthen. They arrived from Ostend in November 1914. Her death was caused by fumes from a fire warming their bedroom. The fire was made partly of culm, coal dust mixed with clay and other materials, which was much used at this time owing to the high price of coal. Helena’s husband Jacobus was also affected but later recovered.
Another report on the inquest on Helena Susanna Adam. South Wales Weekly Post 11th December 1915.
Place of birth: Briton Ferry
Service: Nurse, VAD ?
Notes: Mary Andrews was awarded the Royal Red Cross in May 1919. She served at Oswestry Military Hospital.
Place of birth: Scotland
Notes: 'My mother, Jean Wardlaw Arbuckle, was born in Scotland and spent her early years there in various small towns and villages in the central belt from Gourock in the west to Preston Pans in the east. She was the third of twelve children. When she was about 11 years old, the family moved to the coal-mining valleys in Wales, as her father sought promotion in the coal industry.My mother was 15 years old when World War I broke out. The memories she passed down to me were of the extreme difficulty in obtaining food, and its high cost, until rationing was brought in. She said that it was extremely unfair for poorer families, and that rationing made the situation much fairer. At the beginning of the War the family lived in Tondu, just north of Bridgend, but moved to Llanharan, eight miles from Bridgend some time during 1915. She attended Bridgend County School during those years, travelling by train from Llanharan station. The scarcity of staff seems to have caused some level of amalgamation of the boys and girls schools. It seems to have been quite a lax regime with a considerable amount of truancy. The pupils often disappeared during the day, walking to Merthyr Mawr, boys and girls together.One day she decided to leave school early, and hitched a lift with a farmer, riding in his horse-drawn trap back to Llanharan on the then narrow and twisting road. My grandfather had one of the few cars in the area at that time, and she heard it coming towards them along the road. She knew that if he saw her she would get the strap, so she jumped off the trap, over the hedge, and then walked the rest of the way home.The family were members of the Plymouth Brethren, but this does not seem to have stopped the children running a bit wild.' Janet Davies 13.11.2015.
Place of birth: Wrexham ?
Service: Mother, Wife
Notes: Mary was one of the victims of the explosion of a shell brought home as a souvenir by her soldier husband John Bagnall. He accidentally dropped it on 9th March 1916 at their home in Moss, Wrexham. The explosion fatally injured her baby daughter Sarah, and her nieces Violet Williams and Mary Roberts, and killed her niece Ethel Roberts. Mary lost most of both feet, and her husband and sister Sarah Roberts both lost legs. The girls were buried in two graves at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial was erected in March 2016.
Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916