Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

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Mary Edith Nepean (née Bellis)

Place of birth: Llandudno

Service: Novelist, artist, columnist, VAD Commandant, VAD, 1914 - 1919

Death: 1960, Llandudno ?, Cause not known

Memorial: St Tudnos Church, Llandudno, Caernarfon

Notes: Edith Nepean was born in 1876; her father John Bellis was Overseer of the Poor in Llandudno. She was a talented artist, winning a silver medal at the National Eisteddfod in Caernarfon, 1894, as well as painting and literary prizes at local eisteddfodau. She married Molyneux Edward Nepean in 1899 and moved to SE England. In 1914 she was appointed Commandant of the Folkestone Detachment of the Red Cross, a post she held until 1919. She published her first romantic novel, ‘Gwyneth of the Welsh Hills’ in 1917. This was turned into a silent film in 1921. This was followed by ‘Welsh Love’ and many other similar titles. She also wrote for contemporary film magazines.

Sources: https://womenandsilentbritishcinema.wordpress.com/the-women/edith-nepean/\r\nhttp://historypoints.org/index.php?page=grave-of-mary-edith-nepean

Reference: WaW0269

Edith Nepean c 1930

Edith Nepean

Edith Nepean c 1930

Report of Edith Bellis’s success in the 1894 Eisteddfod. The Weekly News and Visitors Chronicle 20th July 1894

Newspaper report

Report of Edith Bellis’s success in the 1894 Eisteddfod. The Weekly News and Visitors Chronicle 20th July 1894


Red Cross card detailing Edith Nepean’s service.

Red Cross record card

Red Cross card detailing Edith Nepean’s service.

Edith’s first novel, Gwyneth of the Welsh Hills. Lloyd George is said to have encouraged her writing.rn

Gwyneth of the Welsh Hills

Edith’s first novel, Gwyneth of the Welsh Hills. Lloyd George is said to have encouraged her writing.rn


Publicity for Edith’s novel Welsh Love. Cambria Daily Leader 17 September 1919rnrn

Newspaper publicity

Publicity for Edith’s novel Welsh Love. Cambria Daily Leader 17 September 1919rnrn

Some of Edith Nepean’s writing about film, 1932.rnrn

Picture Show Annual 1932

Some of Edith Nepean’s writing about film, 1932.rnrn


Soutter Nora Tempest

Place of birth: Dundalk, Ireland

Service: Teacher, cook, VAD, 1915 - 1916

Notes: Nora Tempest, born 1886, was a popular domestic science mistress at Carmarthen County Girls School. She joined the Scottish Women’s Hospitals to serve as a cook at Kragujevac Hospital. She was caught up in the great retreat after the Austrians invaded Serbia, walking for seven weeks through the mountains of Montenegro and Albania in winter. She arrived home on Christmas Eve, 1915. She is said to have taken many photographs of the retreat. After her return she married and settled back in Ireland.

Reference: WaW0275

Short account of Nora’s experiences on the retreat from Serbia. Carmarthen Weekly Reporter 21st January 1916

Newspaper report

Short account of Nora’s experiences on the retreat from Serbia. Carmarthen Weekly Reporter 21st January 1916

Report of Nora’s visit back to Carmarthen County Girls School. Carmarthen Journal 9th June 1916

Newspaper report

Report of Nora’s visit back to Carmarthen County Girls School. Carmarthen Journal 9th June 1916


G(w)ladys Sails

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Nurse, VAD

Death: 1917/12/15, Mumbles, meningitis

Notes: Gladys (or Gwladys, both spellings occur) worked as a VAD at Danycoed Red Cross Hospital, Swansea, where she contracted the illness that became meningitis. She was 28 when she died, and was well-known in Swansea for swimming in the ladies’ water polo team.

Reference: WaW0287

Report of the death of Gwladys Sails. Cambria Daily Leader 17th December 1917.

Newspaper report

Report of the death of Gwladys Sails. Cambria Daily Leader 17th December 1917.

Report of the funeral of Gwladys Sails. Cambria Daily Leader 19th December 1917.

Newspaper report

Report of the funeral of Gwladys Sails. Cambria Daily Leader 19th December 1917.


Report of names, including Gladys’s, for Swansea Ladies’ Water Polo Team. Evening Express 12th October 1907.

Newspaper report

Report of names, including Gladys’s, for Swansea Ladies’ Water Polo Team. Evening Express 12th October 1907.


Nancy Roberts

Service: Nurse, VAD ?

Notes: Nothing is known of Nancy Roberts. Her name appears at no 60 on the Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London.

Reference: WaW0201

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Roll of Honour

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London


Mary Andrews

Place of birth: Briton Ferry

Service: Nurse, VAD ?

Notes: Mary Andrews was awarded the Royal Red Cross in May 1919. She served at Oswestry Military Hospital.

Reference: WaW0272


Ellen Catherine Clay (née Williams)

Place of birth: Penrhos

Service: Nurse (Commandant), Chairman WLA Holyhead, VAD, WLA/Byddin Dir y Merched

Notes: Born a farmer’s daughter in about 1866, Ellen Williams married a local doctor, Thomas William Clay, in 1898. At the outbreak of War she became Assistant Commandant of Holyhead VAD. She worked in Holborn Red Cross Hospital as well as in Anglesey; additionally she helped run the Red Cross Canteen at Holyhead Railway Station. Mrs Clay also chaired the recruitment committee for the Women’s Land Army. She died in 1935.

Sources: Holyhead and Anglesey Mail 7 May / Mai 2014

Reference: WaW0153

Ellen Catherine Clay VAD

Ellen Catherine Clay

Ellen Catherine Clay VAD


Alice Prosser

Place of birth: Builth Wells

Service: Waitress then Cook, WAAC, 1918/05/O7– 1918/08/05/

Notes: Alice, aged 23, served first as a waitress, then as a cook during her brief career in WAAC/QMAAC. She was discharged on medical grounds.

Reference: WaW0133


Nora Treadwell

Place of birth: Lancashire

Service: Worker, WAAC

Notes: Little is known about Nora Treadwell. She was brought up in Bryncoch, Glamorgan; her parents may have lived at Primrose Bank, Bryncoch.

Reference: WaW0192

Nora Treadwell in WAAC uniform

Nora Treadwell

Nora Treadwell in WAAC uniform

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps postcard, 18 June 1918. This postcard was sent by Nora to her great grandmother Mrs Treadwell, from Plymouth where she was working at a convalescent hospital.

Postcard

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps postcard, 18 June 1918. This postcard was sent by Nora to her great grandmother Mrs Treadwell, from Plymouth where she was working at a convalescent hospital.


Doris Genner

Place of birth: Ebbw Vale

Service: Worker, WAAC

Memorial: James Street Wesleyan Church (now at Cenotaph), Ebbw Vale, Glamorgan

Notes: Nothing is known of Doris Genner WAAC.

Sources: http://firstworldwar.gwentheritage.org.uk/content/catalogue_item/james-street-wesleyan-church-memorials-ebbw-vale

Reference: WaW0193

Name of Doris Genner at the bottom of the James Street Wesleyan Chapel memorial.

War Memorial

Name of Doris Genner at the bottom of the James Street Wesleyan Chapel memorial.


Elsie Towyn Jones (Taylor)

Place of birth: Cwmaman

Service: Administrator, WAAC, 1917 - ?

Notes: Elsie was the elder daughter of the Rev Josiah Towyn Jones, MP for East Carmarthen. As an MP’s daughter, her name appears quite frequently in Welsh newspapers. She became an ‘Official’ in the WAAC in October 1917. After a spell as transport officer, responsible for the travel arrangements of WAACs, in March 1918 she was promoted ‘quartermistress’ of the WAAC in France, responsible for all uniform supplies. In June she survived a bombing raid, and by August was back at WAAC headquarters in London using her ‘invaluable technical knowledge’ to advise Sir Douglas Haig. She became engaged to Geoffrey Moore in February 1917.

Reference: WaW0236

Report of Elsie becoming a WAAC ‘Official’’, Carmarthen Journal 19th Oct 1917.

Newspaper article

Report of Elsie becoming a WAAC ‘Official’’, Carmarthen Journal 19th Oct 1917.

Report of Elsie’s promotion to Quartermistress. Herald of Wales 23rd March 1918rnrn

Newspaper report

Report of Elsie’s promotion to Quartermistress. Herald of Wales 23rd March 1918rnrn


Report of bombing raid in France. The Cambria Daily Leader 4th June 1918

Newspaper report

Report of bombing raid in France. The Cambria Daily Leader 4th June 1918

Elsie Towyn Jones at WAAC headquarters. Amman Valley Chronicle 15th August 1918rn

Newspaper report

Elsie Towyn Jones at WAAC headquarters. Amman Valley Chronicle 15th August 1918rn


Elsie Towyn Jones’s promotion to Administrator, London Gazette 28th February 1919.rn

London Gazette

Elsie Towyn Jones’s promotion to Administrator, London Gazette 28th February 1919.rn

Elsie Towyn Jones, Amman Valley Chronicle 25th October 1917

Elsie Towyn Jones

Elsie Towyn Jones, Amman Valley Chronicle 25th October 1917



Administration