Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by name

Jane (Jennie) Roberts

Place of birth: Bryncrug

Service: Staff Nurse, QAIMNS

Death: 1917-04-10, HMHS Salta, Drowning / Boddi

Memorial: Cathedral Nurse, Llanelwy, Flintshire

Notes: aged 30. She died when His Majesty’s Hospital Ship “Salta” was sunk off Le Havre on 10 April 1917. She was lost at sea and her body was never recovered. Her name appears on the Salta Memorial at Ste Marie Cemetery, Le Havre, Normandy, France, and on the memorial plaques in the porch of St Cadfan's Church, Tywyn

Sources: http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com/memorials/st-asaph-memorial/st-asaph-cathedral-welsh-nurses-ww1/roberts-jane/http://www.mawddachestuary.co.uk/warmemorials/#TywynChurch

Reference: WaW0052

Jane Robert's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Nurse Jane Robert's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Jane Robert's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Name of Jane Roberts in the memorial porch, Tywyn Church

Tywyn Church

Name of Jane Roberts in the memorial porch, Tywyn Church


Jane/Jennie’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War

Jane (Jennie) Roberts

Jane/Jennie’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War


Jean Roberts

Place of birth: Blaenau Ffestiniog

Service: Worker, WAAC, 1917/11/08 – 1918/01/05

Death: 1918/01/05, Bangor Military Hospital, Spotted fever / Teiffws

Notes: Jean, who was 18 when she died, was the eldest of six children of a widowed mother. In November 1919 her case was raised in Parliament by Haydn Jones, MP for Merioneth. Jean had been the chief support of the family, but her mother was not entitled to any form of compensation and was forced to ask for parochial relief. The matter was ‘considered’ by the Financial Secretary to the War Office, but we do not know the outcome. Jean Roberts’s name appears in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance.

Reference: WaW0260

Details of Jean Roberts in the War Graves Register

Grave Register

Details of Jean Roberts in the War Graves Register

Newspaper report of parliamentary question about Jean Roberts. North Wales Chronicle 14th November 1919.

Newspaper report

Newspaper report of parliamentary question about Jean Roberts. North Wales Chronicle 14th November 1919.


Jean Roberts’s name in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance.

Welsh Book of Remembrance

Jean Roberts’s name in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance.

Jean Roberts’s name on the War Memorial in St David’s Church, Blaenau Ffestiniog. It was obviously added after WW2, hence the mistake WAAF for QMAAC.rn. rn

War Memorial plaque

Jean Roberts’s name on the War Memorial in St David’s Church, Blaenau Ffestiniog. It was obviously added after WW2, hence the mistake WAAF for QMAAC.rn. rn


M Roberts

Place of birth: Ton Pentre

Service: Munitions worker

Memorial: Jerusalem C M Chapel, Ton Pentre, Glamorgan

Notes: Nothing is known of Miss M Roberts whose name appears on the Roll of Honour in Jerusalem Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Ton Pentre.

Reference: WaW0159

Miss M Roberts, Munitions’ name on the Roll of Honour in Jerusalem Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Ton Pentre

Roll of Honour

Miss M Roberts, Munitions’ name on the Roll of Honour in Jerusalem Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Ton Pentre


Margaret Dorothy Roberts

Place of birth: Dolgellau

Service: Staff Nurse, QAIMNS Reserve / Wrth gefn, 29/09/1915 - 31/12/1917

Death: 1917-12-31, SS Osmanieh, Drowning

Memorial: Cathedral Nurse, Llanelwy, Flintshire

Notes: aged 47. SS Osmanieh was sunk by a German mine off Alexandria, Egypt. Grave in Hadra War Memorial Cemetery, Alexandria, Egypt. Born in the Workhouse in Dolgellau, she spent many years in Australia before returning to Britain to join the QAIMNS Reserves.

Sources: http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com/memorials/st-asaph-memorial/st-asaph-cathedral-welsh-nurses-ww1/roberts-margaret-dorothy/; http://emhs.org.au/person/roberts/margaret_dorothy

Reference: WaW0051

Margaret Dorothy Robert's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Nurse Margaret Dorothy Robert's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Margaret Dorothy Robert's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Margaret Dorothy Roberts

Margaret Dorothy Roberts

Margaret Dorothy Roberts


Mary Frances Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham

Service: Child

Death: 1916/03/09, Moss, Wrexham, Explosion / Ffrwydrad

Memorial: Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt, Wrexham, Denbighshire

Notes: Mary, aged four, died when a souvenir shell brought home by her uncle exploded, killing her sister and fatally injuring her and her two cousins. Her uncle Private John Bagnall was seriously injured as well as her mother Sarah Roberts and her aunt Mary Bagnall. The children were buried in two graves in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, where a memorial to the four girls was dedicated in March 2016.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0219

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.rnrn

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.rnrn


Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.

Newspaper report

Memorial to Sarah Bagnall, Ethel Roberts, Mary Roberts and Violet Williams at Holy Trinity Churchyard, Gwersyllt, dedicated March 2016.


Nancy Roberts

Service: Nurse, VAD ?

Notes: Nothing is known of Nancy Roberts. Her name appears at no 60 on the Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London.

Reference: WaW0201

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Roll of Honour

Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour

Nancy Roberts’s name on Roll of Honour of those who served in WWI, Kings Cross Welsh Chapel London


Sarah Roberts

Place of birth: Wrexham ?

Service: Mother

Notes: Sarah lost both legs in the shell explosion at Moss, Wrexham, on 9th March 1916. Her daughter Ethel was killed instantly and her daughter Mary and two other little girls fatally injured. See Mary Bagnall.Sarah’s account was quoted in the report of the inquest, Canbrian Times 18th March 1916.

Sources: http://www.dailypost.co.uk/news/north-wales-news/wrexham-remembers-four-children-killed-11027982

Reference: WaW0216

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

newspaper report

Report of the shell explosion that killed four girls and injured three adults, North Wales Chronicle 10th March 1916

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.

Newspaper report

Report of the explosion giving the names of the victims.


Report of the inquest into the deaths of the four girls.

Newspaper report

Report of the inquest into the deaths of the four girls.


Gertrude Rosewarne

Place of birth: Ebbw Vale

Service: Nurse, VAD

Notes: Gertrude Rosewarne was working as a pupil teacher in 1911. She joined the VAD early in the War, first in Abergevanny and then in Ebbw Vale. She collected entries by many of her patients in her autograph album.

Reference: WaW0100

Gertrude Rosewarne in VAD uniform

Gertrude Rosewarne VAD

Gertrude Rosewarne in VAD uniform

Ebbw Vale Red Cross detachment parading, November 1914

Ebbw Vale Red Cross detachment 1914

Ebbw Vale Red Cross detachment parading, November 1914


page of nurses from Gertrude Rosewarne's album

A page from Gertrude Rosewarne

page of nurses from Gertrude Rosewarne's album

Red Cross record card for Gertrude Rosewarne

Red Cross card

Red Cross record card for Gertrude Rosewarne


Red Cross record card for Gertrude Rosewarne

Red Cross card (reverse)

Red Cross record card for Gertrude Rosewarne


Gwladys Rowlands

Place of birth: Talywain

Service: Assistant Cook, WAAC/QMAAC, 1917/09 - 1919/10

Notes: Gwladys joined the WAAC in September 1917 when she was working as a housemaid in Pontypool Hospital. Her WAAC papers survive in the National Archives, including a letter to Lady Mackworth (Margaret Haig Thomas) in August 1917, enquiring about the possibility of joining a women’s army corps. She served as an assistant cook, first at Bisley near London, then at Catterick Camp in Yorkshire. Gwladys was discharged from the WAAC on compassionate grounds in October 1919.

Sources: National Archives WO-398-193-26

Reference: WaW0291

Gwladys Rowlands’s reference from Pontypool Hospital.

Reference for WAAC admission

Gwladys Rowlands’s reference from Pontypool Hospital.

WAAC uniform for Gwladys Rowlands (1)

Uniform list

WAAC uniform for Gwladys Rowlands (1)


WAAC uniform for Gwladys Rowlands (2)

Uniform list

WAAC uniform for Gwladys Rowlands (2)

Name of Gwladys Rowlands on the Roll of Honour at Pisgah Baptist Church, Talywain.

Roll of Honour

Name of Gwladys Rowlands on the Roll of Honour at Pisgah Baptist Church, Talywain.


Helena May Rowlands

Place of birth: Llangefni

Service: Nurse, Territorial Nursing Service/Gwasanaeth Nyrsio Tiri

Death: 1919-05-10, Military Fever Hospital Liverpool, Influenza

Memorial: Nurses memorial, Llanelwy, Flintshire

Notes: aged 24/25. Buried in Mynydd Seion Chapel, Abergele. Her body was taken by train from Liverpool to Abergele, and straight to the cemetery to avoid infection.

Sources: http://www.flintshirewarmemorials.com/memorials/st-asaph-memorial/st-asaph-cathedral-welsh-nurses-ww1/rowlands-helena-may/

Reference: WaW0054

Helena May Rowlands's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Nurse Helena May Rowlands's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

Helena May Rowlands's name on the Nurses' Memorial, St Asaph

The Nurses’ Memorial in the Lady Chapel, Liverpool Cathedral, listing names of nurses who died in the War and had worked in Liverpool. Ethel Saxon is also recorded here.

Nurses' Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral

The Nurses’ Memorial in the Lady Chapel, Liverpool Cathedral, listing names of nurses who died in the War and had worked in Liverpool. Ethel Saxon is also recorded here.


Name of Helena Rowlands on the Nurses Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral

Nurses' Memorial Liverpool Cathedral

Name of Helena Rowlands on the Nurses Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral



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