Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

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Sorted by name

Hylda Salathiel

Place of birth: Pencoed

Service: Nurse, hockey player, South Wales Nursing Association

Death: 1918/11/06, Cardiff, Influenza / Ffliw

Notes: Hylda Salathiel, who was one of seven sisters, was educated at Bridgend High School, and trained at Merthyr General Hospital. For a while she was an international hockey player, playing for Bridgend Ladies and South Wales Ladies. She nursed for a while in Bournemouth, but returned to South Wales, where she caught influenza from a patient she was nursing and died four days later. The patient recovered and sent flowers to Hylda’s funeral.

Reference: WaW0301

Report of an international hockey match between South Wales and Monmouthshire Ladies and Munster Ladies. Glamorgan Gazette 12th February 1909.

Newspaper report

Report of an international hockey match between South Wales and Monmouthshire Ladies and Munster Ladies. Glamorgan Gazette 12th February 1909.

Report of the death and funeral of Hylda Salathiel, Glamorgan Gazette 15th November 1918.rn. rn

Newspaper report

Report of the death and funeral of Hylda Salathiel, Glamorgan Gazette 15th November 1918.rn. rn


Ezzelina Samuel

Place of birth: Pontardulais

Service: Nurse, 1916 - 1919

Death: February 1919 , Kemptown hospital, Brighton, Bronchitis following influenza / Broncitis yn dilyn ffliw

Notes: Ezzelina was one of eight children of Thomas Samuel, superintendent of the Clayton Tin Plate Works, Pontardulais. She was sitting her final exams after three year’s training as a nurse in Brighton when she fell ill and died, aged 24.

Reference: WaW0278

Short article noting Ezzelina’s death, with a photograph. Herald of Wales 1st March 1919rnrn

Newspaper article and phoograph

Short article noting Ezzelina’s death, with a photograph. Herald of Wales 1st March 1919rnrn

Report of the death of Ezzelina Samuel in Brighton. Carmarthen Journal 7th March 1919rnrn

newspaper report

Report of the death of Ezzelina Samuel in Brighton. Carmarthen Journal 7th March 1919rnrn


Gwladys Alice Samuel

Place of birth: Aberystwyth

Service: Worker, WAAC, February 1918 -

Notes: Gwladys, an enthusiastic Girl Guide, was posted to Kinmel Camp, North Wales in February 1918. Her father and two brothers were serving in the army.

Reference: WaW0317

Brief report of Gwladys Samuel’s joining the WAAC, with photograph. Cambrian News 22nd February 1918.

Newspaper report and photograph

Brief report of Gwladys Samuel’s joining the WAAC, with photograph. Cambrian News 22nd February 1918.

Report of Gwladys’s departure from Aberystwyth Station. Cambrian News 15th February 1918.

Newspaper report

Report of Gwladys’s departure from Aberystwyth Station. Cambrian News 15th February 1918.


Annie Sanders

Place of birth: Cardiff

Service: Post Woman, Post Office / Swyddfa Bost

Notes: Litlle is known of Annie Sanders, except that she was associated with Roath Road Wesleyan Methodist Church, Cardiff. The Roath Road Roamer, published monthly from November 1914, contained information about women war workers as well as men. Annie was one of ‘our Lady Roamers’. Her blue serge uniform was introduced by the Post Office in 1914. Image and information courtesy of Glamorgan Archives (DWESA6).

Sources: https://archifaumorgannwg.wordpress.com/

Reference: WaW0108

Annie Sanders, Postwoman, Cardiff, in her navy blue serge uniform

Annie Sanders, Postwoman

Annie Sanders, Postwoman, Cardiff, in her navy blue serge uniform


Ethel Saxon

Place of birth: Abertillery

Service: Staff Nurse, TFNS

Death: 1917-09-03, Karachi, Appendicitis/Llid y pendics

Memorial: War Memorial; Nurses’ Memorial; Delhi Gate, Kingsland; Liverpool Cathedral; Delhi, Herefordshire; Lancashire; India

Notes: Born 1891, her father was a builder and joiner. She worked for some time in Liverpool before serving overseas. Her parents retired to Kingsland, Herefordshire where she is memorialised; her name also appears on the Nurses’ memorial in Liverpool Cathedral, the Nurses’ memorial in York Minster and the Indian war memorial the Great Gate at Delhi.

Reference: WaW0134

Name of Ethel Saxon on Kingsland War Memorial

Kingsland War Memorial

Name of Ethel Saxon on Kingsland War Memorial

Name of Staff Nurse Ethel Saxon on the Roll of Honour, Kingsland Church

Roll of Honour, Kingsland Church

Name of Staff Nurse Ethel Saxon on the Roll of Honour, Kingsland Church


Death Notice of Ethel Saxon

Death Notice

Death Notice of Ethel Saxon

Nurses’ Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral

Nurses's Memorial

Nurses’ Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral


Name of Ethel Saxon on the Nurses’ Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral

Nurses’ memorial Liverpool

Name of Ethel Saxon on the Nurses’ Memorial, Liverpool Cathedral


Sarah Anne Sybil Lucille Seabourne (Hinton)

Place of birth: Abergavenny

Service: Munitions worker

Notes: Born 1898, Sybil was a munitions worker though it has not been possible to establish where she worked. She married Clifford Hinton in 1920, and died in 1972.

Reference: WaW0132

Sybil Seabourne with fellow munitions workers. She is third from the left, wearing an armband. Perhaps she was the group forewoman.

Sybil Seabourne

Sybil Seabourne with fellow munitions workers. She is third from the left, wearing an armband. Perhaps she was the group forewoman.


May Selwood

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Wife, widow

Death: 1995-11-03, Cause not known

Notes: May’s husband William Henry Selwood died of shell shock on 1st January 1919. She remained a widow for her remaining 76 years – credited with being the longest WW1 widow in Britain. She is buried in Christchurch Cemetery, Newport.

Reference: WaW0106

Grave of May Selwood who is credited with being the longest WW1 widow in Britain. Christchurch Cemetery, Newport

Grave of May Selwood

Grave of May Selwood who is credited with being the longest WW1 widow in Britain. Christchurch Cemetery, Newport

Death Notice of William Henry Selwood, died 1st January 1919

Death Notice of William Henry Selwood

Death Notice of William Henry Selwood, died 1st January 1919


Annie Mary Slade (Hall)

Place of birth: Pentre, Rhondda

Service: Munitioms worker, 1916 - 1919

Death: After 2003, Cause not known

Notes: Annie Slade was born in 1903. Her mother was originally from Aberystwyth and her father ‘a bit of a boss’ in the pit. (He died as a result of an injury when Annie was a young teenager). She and her family were lucky to survive a tip slide in 1909. Aged 15 and a half she joined the WAAC in Newport, but her age was discovered (she was on a list to be sent to France) and she and her friend were discharged. At 16 she began working for the National Shell Filling Factory at Rotherwas, Hereford. A long account of her experiences was published in In the Munitions: Women at War in Herefordshire, when she was 100 years old.

Sources: In the Munitions: Women at War in Herefordshire, edited Bill Laws 2003.

Reference: WaW0285

Annie Hall née Slade in old age.

Annie Hall née Slade.

Annie Hall née Slade in old age.

Report of the Pentre landslide in which Annie’s family’s house was destroyed. Evening Express 8th February 1909

Newspaper report

Report of the Pentre landslide in which Annie’s family’s house was destroyed. Evening Express 8th February 1909


Mary Ellen Small

Place of birth: Abercreg[g]an

Service: Waitress, Womens Legion

Notes: Mary Ellen Small gave birth to a baby boy in April 1918. The father William Speake, who denied paternity, was a corporal in the Welsh Regiment, and formerly a collier from Trealaw. They met while he was training at Kinmel Camp at Boddelwyddan, where she worked as a waitress. He was ordered to pay 5 shillings a week until the boy was 14.

Reference: WaW0341

Report of the case of Small v Speake. Cambria Daily Leader 25th June 1918rnrn

Newspaper report

Report of the case of Small v Speake. Cambria Daily Leader 25th June 1918rnrn


Helen Smith (Thomas)

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Child

Death: 1993, Swansea, Cause not known

Notes: Helen Smith, born 1908, was the daughter of Alfred and Elizabeth Smith of Swansea who emigrated to America when Helen was a few months old. In 1915 they decided to return to Swansea, and sailed on the Lusitania. When the ship was torpedoed on 7th May 1915 Helen had become separated from her parents and baby brother Hubert. They died, but she was rescued by a Canadian journalist, Ernest Cowper. She was reunited with her aunt Cecelia Owens, another passenger who had lost her two sons in the sinking. She later married John Henry Thomas and lived the rest of her life in Swansea.

Sources: http://www.rmslusitania.info/people/second-cabin/helen-smith/

Reference: WaW0227

Helen Smith with her rescuer Ernest Cowper. Photograph taken in Queenstown, County Cork, Ireland. Helen is wearing new clothes donated by local well-wishers.

Helen Smith

Helen Smith with her rescuer Ernest Cowper. Photograph taken in Queenstown, County Cork, Ireland. Helen is wearing new clothes donated by local well-wishers.

Report of the story of Lusitania survivor Helen Smith (1). Cambrian Daily Leader 10 May 1915

Newspaper report (1)

Report of the story of Lusitania survivor Helen Smith (1). Cambrian Daily Leader 10 May 1915


Report of the story of Lusitania survivor Helen Smith (2). Cambrian Daily Leader 10 May 1915

Newspaper report (2)

Report of the story of Lusitania survivor Helen Smith (2). Cambrian Daily Leader 10 May 1915

Report of the story of Lusitania survivor Helen Smith (3). Cambrian Daily Leader 10 May 1915

Newspaper report (3)

Report of the story of Lusitania survivor Helen Smith (3). Cambrian Daily Leader 10 May 1915



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