Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

Browse the collection


Sorted by cause of death

Esther Davies

Place of birth: Swansea ?

Service: Driver

Death: 1919/09/22, Gowerton, Septicaemia / Gwenwyn gwaed

Notes: Esther Davies, aged about 30, died after complications from a miscarriage. A Swansea midwife, Mary Lavinia Beynon [qv], was charged with her murder, the charge being that she had used an instrument to procure an abortion. Esther Davies, described as ‘a woman of prepossessing appearance’, seems to have lived a rackety life driving for the Munitions service whilst her husband was in the army. ‘Gentlemen friends’ and ‘visits to Birmingham’ with another woman, Nurse Poulson, were reported in the Swansea press. She had been fined 10s by Neath Magistrates Court in 1917 for failing to produce her driving licence; on that occasion Esther was described as ‘stylishly dressed’ and ‘still smiling’. Mrs Beynon, a Police Inspector’s wife, was found not guilty.

Reference: WaW0302

Cambria Daily Leader 1st June 1917.

Newspaper report

Cambria Daily Leader 1st June 1917.


Mary E Smith

Place of birth: Dolgellau

Service: Forewoman, QMAAC

Death: 1918-08-21, Dolgellau, Sickness / Salwch

Memorial: War memorial, Dolgellau, Merionethshire

Notes: aged 42. Buried St Mary's Dolgellau.

Sources: http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Merionethshire/Meirionnydd/Dolgellau.html\r\nhttp://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/671636/SMITH,%20MARY%20ELIZABETH

Reference: WaW0056

Name of Mary E Smith, Park Lane, on Dolgellau War Memorial

Dolgellau Way Memorial

Name of Mary E Smith, Park Lane, on Dolgellau War Memorial


Jean Roberts

Place of birth: Blaenau Ffestiniog

Service: Worker, WAAC, 1917/11/08 – 1918/01/05

Death: 1918/01/05, Bangor Military Hospital, Spotted fever / Teiffws

Notes: Jean, who was 18 when she died, was the eldest of six children of a widowed mother. In November 1919 her case was raised in Parliament by Haydn Jones, MP for Merioneth. Jean had been the chief support of the family, but her mother was not entitled to any form of compensation and was forced to ask for parochial relief. The matter was ‘considered’ by the Financial Secretary to the War Office, but we do not know the outcome. Jean Roberts’s name appears in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance.

Reference: WaW0260

Details of Jean Roberts in the War Graves Register

Grave Register

Details of Jean Roberts in the War Graves Register

Newspaper report of parliamentary question about Jean Roberts. North Wales Chronicle 14th November 1919.

Newspaper report

Newspaper report of parliamentary question about Jean Roberts. North Wales Chronicle 14th November 1919.


Jean Roberts’s name in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance.

Welsh Book of Remembrance

Jean Roberts’s name in the Welsh National Book of Remembrance.

Jean Roberts’s name on the War Memorial in St David’s Church, Blaenau Ffestiniog. It was obviously added after WW2, hence the mistake WAAF for QMAAC.rn. rn

War Memorial plaque

Jean Roberts’s name on the War Memorial in St David’s Church, Blaenau Ffestiniog. It was obviously added after WW2, hence the mistake WAAF for QMAAC.rn. rn


Lily Maud Leaver

Place of birth: Aberdare

Service: Munitions worker, Not known / anhysbys

Death: 1917/12/28, TNT poisoning / Gwenwyni gan TNT

Notes: Little is known of Lily Leaver, who was born in 1896. Her parents later lived at Abertridwr in Glamorganshire.

Reference: WaW0325

 Lily’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Lily Maud Leaver

Lily’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Letter to the Secretary of the women’s collection from Lily’s mother, Mrs A[nnie] Leaver.

Letter

Letter to the Secretary of the women’s collection from Lily’s mother, Mrs A[nnie] Leaver.


Elizabeth Anne (Lizzie) Jones

Place of birth: Cardigan

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: 1916-10-23, Cardigan, TNT poisoning / Gwenwyno TNT

Memorial: Cenotaph, Cardigan, Cardiganshire

Notes: aged 22, had worked at NEF Pembrey. Her mother Mary Anne Williams claimed compensation for her daughter's death

Sources: http://www.wwwmp.co.uk/ceredigion-war-memorials/

Reference: WaW0034

Name of Elizabeth Jones on Cardigan War Memorial

Cardigan War Memorial

Name of Elizabeth Jones on Cardigan War Memorial


Lizzie's mother Mary Anne Jones claiming compensation for her daughter's death.

Newspaper report

Lizzie's mother Mary Anne Jones claiming compensation for her daughter's death.

Lizzie’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Lizzie Jones

Lizzie’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.


Letter from the Town Clerk of Cardigan about a photograph of Lizzie Jones

Letter

Letter from the Town Clerk of Cardigan about a photograph of Lizzie Jones


Gladys Irene Pritchard (née Harris)

Place of birth: Newport

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: TNT poisoning / Gwenwyno TNT

Notes: Gladys was a war widow aged 28. Her husband had been killed in July 1916. She had two small children. Her father was granted 2s a week for the upkeep of each child; the children also benefited from their father’s military pension.

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums

Reference: WaW0045

Gladys’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Gladys Pritchard

Gladys’s photograph was collected by the Women’s Subcommittee of the Imperial War Museum as part of its collection of women who died during the War.

Letter to the Secretary of the women’s collection from Gladys’s sister, Mrs Summerfield.

Letter

Letter to the Secretary of the women’s collection from Gladys’s sister, Mrs Summerfield.


Report of maintenance grant to Gladys’s father, Joseph Harris, for the upkeep of her children.  Weekly Argus 11th November 1916.rn

Newspaper report

Report of maintenance grant to Gladys’s father, Joseph Harris, for the upkeep of her children. Weekly Argus 11th November 1916.rn


May (Mary) Prosser

Place of birth: Gilwern

Service: Munitions Worker, 1916 - 1917

Death: 1917-04-03, Rochdale, TNT poisoning / Gwenwyno TNT

Memorial: Recreation Ground gates; Market hall, Christchurch Govilon, Govilon, Monmouthshire

Notes: May, born 1891, was the fourth daughter of a farm labourer and his wife. She followed two of her sisters into domestic service in Rochdale. She began munitions work late in 1916, but soon became ill with ‘toxic jaundice’ and died at her sister Margaret’s home in Rochdale. She was also sister of Nellie Prosser [qv].

Sources: Ryland Wallace: May Prosser, Munitionette. AMC/WAW Newsletter, June 2016

Reference: WaW0046

Name of May Prosser on memorial, Christchurch, Govilon

Christchurch, Govilon

Name of May Prosser on memorial, Christchurch, Govilon

Name of May Prosser on Govilon War Memorial

Govilon War Memorial

Name of May Prosser on Govilon War Memorial


Death notice of May Prosser, Abergavenny Chronicle, 13 Aprill 1917

Death Notice

Death notice of May Prosser, Abergavenny Chronicle, 13 Aprill 1917


Esther Devonald

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: TNT poisoning/Gwenwyno gan TNT

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums

Reference: WaW0009

Newspaper report of Inquest into death of munitions worker Esther Devonald

Newspaper report of Inquest

Newspaper report of Inquest into death of munitions worker Esther Devonald


Catherine (Kate ) Hill

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Munitions Worker

Death: TNT poisoning/Gwenwyno TNT

Memorial: Cenotaph, Swansea, Glamorgan

Sources: http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums

Reference: WaW0025

Name of Catherine (Kate) Hill on Swansea Cenotaph

Swansea Cenotaph

Name of Catherine (Kate) Hill on Swansea Cenotaph


Alida Gunst (née Demoine)

Place of birth: Belgium

Service: Housekeeper, refugee

Death: 1918/04/03, Llangwyfan sanatorium , Tuberculosis / Diciau

Notes: Alida arrived in London as a refugee from Belgium in October 1914. She was married to Arsène Dunst in Devon in January 1915. He was serving in the Belgian army, and had been wounded. They seem to have moved to Newport, where she may have worked as a housekeeper. She contracted TB, and was sent in December 1917 by Monmouthshire to Llangwyfan Sanatorium, Denbigh, where she died in April 1918. There was a dispute between the authorities in Newport and Denbigh as to who should pay for the burial.

Sources: https://refugeesinrhyl.wordpress.com/gunst/

Reference: WaW0433

Grave of Alida Gunst, Ystrad Road Cemetery, Denbigh.

Grave

Grave of Alida Gunst, Ystrad Road Cemetery, Denbigh.

Registration papers for Alida Dunst showing move from Newport to Llangwyfan 1917

Register for Aliens

Registration papers for Alida Dunst showing move from Newport to Llangwyfan 1917


Report of Denbigh Town Council’s refusal to waive the fee for Alida’s burial.

Newspaper report

Report of Denbigh Town Council’s refusal to waive the fee for Alida’s burial.



Administration